September 24, 2023

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The menopausal signs or symptoms and foods consumption in post-menopausal gals in advance of and through the COVID-19 pandemic

A recent examine posted in the Nutrition Journal in comparison menopausal indicators and food intake in article-menopausal women ahead of and throughout the coronavirus disorder 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. 

Examine: Variations in Foods Intake in Postmenopausal Females during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Review. Image Credit rating: GroundPicture/

Track record

The pandemic has significantly impacted global wellness techniques, the economic climate, and the foodstuff offer. Write-up-menopausal women’s dietary patterns and indicators all through the intense acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak are very important for mitigating very long-expression wellness challenges.

Experiments present that put up-menopausal gals are likely to have bigger sugar and refined carbohydrate consumption, foremost to greater psychological, vasomotor, urogenital, and somatic symptoms and slumber disturbances.

Conversely, designs involving greens, entire grains, and unprocessed food items reduce the depth of menopausal signs and symptoms. Access to nutritious foods and regular use of balanced food items can lessen susceptibility to COVID-19 and its prolonged-expression effects. Comprehending these practices and their romantic relationship with submit-menopausal indications is important for health care preparing.

About the analyze

In the present longitudinal analyze, scientists assessed adjustments in dietary patterns of post-menopausal gals affiliated with the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak.

The survey-based examine was conducted on put up-menopausal (12 months after the past menstrual period) Brazilian girls aged 40 many years and older from January 2018 to 2021.

The team employed the Women’s Health Questionnaire (W.H.Q.), the Kupperman-Blatt Menopausal Index (K-BMI), the Worldwide Physical Action Questionnaire (I.P.A.Q.), the Earth Health Group (WHO) scale, and 1-day nutritional recollects for info collection.

The questionnaires bundled anthropometric (human body mass, midsection circumference, and height), sociodemographic (ethnicity, age, marital standing, training, and cash flow), clinical (participant’s age at menopause), and way of living (alcoholic beverages ingestion and smoking cigarettes standing) domains.

The staff excluded (i) individuals with surgical menopause (ii) present cancer prognosis and use of chemotherapy prescription drugs (iii) untreated energetic thyroid and parathyroid hormonal problems (iv) continual hepatic failure and (v) serious kidney failure.

Foods things shown by the persons in their nutritional recalls were transformed from family actions to grams and milliliters making use of the Reference Desk for Actions of Meals Eaten in Brazil. The foodstuff quantities were being then converted into kilocalories working with the Nutritional Composition Desk of Meals Eaten in Brazil, and for contributors reporting incorporating sugar to their drinks, 10% of the beverage quantity was thought of additional sugar.

The NOVA classification was employed to classify food items based on the extent of processing into processed and ultra-processed foodstuff and culinary preparations. The comply with-up analysis was conducted from August 2020 to January 2021.


Initially, 288 women of all ages were recognized, among the whom 274 ended up inclined to participate in the research, and 78 (29%) accomplished all the assessments through COVID-19. Amid the study members, 97% had not obtained a COVID-19 diagnosis, and 80% have been isolated but utilized via January 2021. The signify age of the members was 56 yrs, and the mean age at menopause was 48 decades.

The signify menopause duration was 8 several years. Between the contributors, 146 (53%) have been Whites, 145 (53%) ended up married or lived with their partners, 175 (64%) had their month to month revenue considerably less than or equal to two minimum wages, and 123 (47%) received education and learning for equivalent to or far more than 12 decades.

Additional, 105 (39%) were being over weight, 147 (54%) have been bodily inactive, 227 (83%) had been non-people who smoke, and 202 (74%) did not take in liquor.

Symptom intensity was decrease all through COVID-19 when compared to pre-pandemic times. Considerable improvements ended up famous in vasomotor, paresthesia, insomnia, nervousness, melancholy, vertigo, weak spot, problems, palpitations, and tingling signs or symptoms all through the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic when compared to pre-pandemic periods.

Protein, lipid (saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, and trans-fatty acids), processed meals, and calorie consumption ended up lower all through COVID-19 than right before. In addition, basic yogurt and milk consumption were reduced, while sweet food items and sugary beverage usage were being higher in the course of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.


The analyze findings showed that post-menopausal women consumed extra sugary beverages and sweet meals. In distinction, plain yogurt, milk, and processed foods were eaten less all through COVID-19 than for the duration of pre-pandemic durations.

Also, for the duration of COVID-19, macronutrients and calorie intakes ended up decreased. The findings back again up investigate from other nations, which includes France, Italy, Brazil, and the United States.

The conclusions can assistance the health care procedure react to publish-menopausal women’s requires in the course of a worldwide general public well being catastrophe.

To make a sustainable and equitable long-term care technique, the healthcare program have to realign alone to handle the requirements of put up-menopausal gals.